Scientists Decode the Genetic Code of Cancer



Cancer is one of the heaviest problems confusing modern medicine. Recently, Researchers have cracked the genetic code for two of the most common cancer types. This is the beginning of a global effort to catalog all the genes that go amiss among the many types of human cancer, the BBC reports.

Too much time spent under the sun apparently leads to most of the 30,000 mutations contained within the DNA code for melanoma, or skin cancer. Outside experts told the BBC that no previous study has managed to link specific mutations to their causes.

Researchers also discovered more than 23,000 errors in the lung cancer DNA code, most of them induced by cigarette smoke exposure. A heavy smoker could get one new mutation, potentially harmless but as well possibly a cancer trigger, for every 15 cigarettes that they smoke.

The fresh cancer correspondences could conduct to better blood exams for diagnosing the respective cancers, also as better targeted drugs. Blood tests could even break the DNA patterns that indicate cancer lies on the horizon.