A business idea: the gym

Hey, sorry for not writing for a long time. I was occupied with businesses decisions regarding my future. In this regard, I want to share a cool resource that I found the other day. While I was talking with a friend the other day about starting a gym, I discovered that I have no knowledge on this type of business. I'm new to this, so I searched on the Internet for few advice on how to keep such endeavor as healthy as possible and how to maximize the experience of your customers. After reading endless tutorials and pieces of advice, I found this infographic that delighted me and put a new light on the matter.
Via: iContact
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The Little Known World Of Biological Storage & Why It's Important

Let's face it, biological storage isn't something most of us think about every day, or even every year. But behind the scenes, in laboratories all across the country, the storage of biological samples is becoming increasingly critical to research into the underpinnings of medical and biological sciences.


It's Not Just a Brain in a Jar Anymore

Tissue storage has come a long way since the days of creepy things floating in jars of formaldehyde. Methods are as varied as the reasons for collecting and keeping life form samples. Biologists preserve tissues from:
  • Field samples for DNA identification;
  • Donors for storage and transplantation;
  • Plants and animals for species or cell line preservation;
  • Research subjects for experimentation and data gathering;
The life sciences are vibrant with activity, much of it involving the need for long-term preservation of tissue samples. Scientists have perfected several preservation methods specific to particular needs and lengths of storage, including:
  • Desiccation;
  • Fluid preservation;
  • Refrigeration;
  • Freezing.

What Does It Matter Anyway?

Medical science progresses daily, so much rides on the preservation of biological specimens. Umbilical cord blood is routinely banked to preserve precious fetal stem cells for use in developing treatments for deadly diseases later in life. Loss of that cord blood could literally be a death sentence. Cloning and other reproductive technologies mean that there's a chance extinct plants and animals can be brought to life in modern times, but only if their DNA is properly preserved. If the preservation fails, that creature or plant may be lost forever. Proper storage is critical for donor tissues. Blood, corneas, and other body parts give the ill and injured restored health and function, thanks to the generosity of those who have passed on. Those gifts deserve the best treatment possible so that they can change lives. Biological research is a painstaking, long-term endeavor which gleans results over years and even decades. Many experiments cannot be recreated or restarted after a hiatus, and cannot endure the loss of their experimental samples. Poor preservation can set research back decades.

Loss of Data: Loss of Faith

Plant and animal tissues are important but don't carry the moral and ethical weight that donated human tissue does. Even more important than the potential of lost time and data is the breach of faith with those who have been generous in a time of grief and pain. Donation of a loved one's remains is an act of faith that that sacrifice will give meaning to their loss. It is part of a pact between the donors and the researchers. Donors trust that their loved one's remains will be treated with care and respect and as the valuable resources they are. Researchers have the obligation to provide that environment. Failure in care – that is, failure of the storage environment – can be tragic. A 2012 freezer malfunction at a hospital affiliated with Harvard's Brain Tissue Resource Center destroyed one-third of their autistic brain collection, built with difficulty over the past decade. In addition to lost data, the center's long effort to persuade relatives of autistic persons to donate their brains may be irreparably harmed by this perceived breach of faith.
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The human brain may live beyond death


Ok, maybe the title is too dramatic, but according to a recent study conducted by a team of scientists in Canada, a part of the human brain remains active for a longer period of time even when the brain is in deep coma or dead. The phenomenon was first observed by a Romanian doctor, who got in touch with a fellow colleague from Montreal and shared his findings. Shortly after, a complex experiment on 26 cats showed that there was brain activity in comatose cats, even if the EEG line was flat. This discovery may pave the way to new theories regarding the way the human brain reacts when the body is dead, and can even prove that there may be some sort of life beyond death.

Watch Dr. Bruce Greyson talking about Consciousness Without Brain Activity and Near Death Experiences, giving his patients as examples. Fabulous!

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Having a great body with a simple workout program

Although summer is almost over, we still need to take care of our bodies. Having a great abdomen is more important for your health than you think. According to most doctors, doing 30 minutes of exercise per day is great for your health. Why not combine that workout with a great program. The following infographic gives you some hints in that regard.
Via: Spectrum Clubs
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A short introduction to highspeed imaging

Business owners worldwide depend and rely heavily on the machines, tools and devices they use within their facilities, many of which are used on a daily basis. It’s safe to say businesses that specialize in one type of product or work appreciate in the manufactures and designers behind the parts and tools that make their company what it is today. High speed imaging cameras for instance, they may not sound like a household gadget but these cameras help shape and form entire industries and the tests needed to be performed.




High speed imaging cameras have remarkably enhanced the production process for companies specializing in specific studies for years and without this amazing tool there would be numerous subjects we would be completely in the dark about. Crash testing is a perfect example; these cameras are specially placed on a vehicle to capture the effects of the impact a crash has on the passengers inside. The cameras capture every inch of the vehicle and can be played back in slow motion to accurately view the details of how the passengers’ bodies reacted and moved during the impact. This form of testing has saved countless lives and has made the vehicles on our roads far safer.


Another area of expertise where these cameras have helped advanced the industry is in the science spectra with biomechanical analysis. It is rather common for high speed imaging to be used in scenarios surrounding science. There are countless events that occur that would be highly beneficial to be able to precisely analyze and document; such events, especially in science, occur at a rate that is far too fast for the more traditional and common cameras or film speeds to capture. In biomechanics, high speed cameras are used to capture animal movements that occur at an extremely high speed rate; for example, a humming bird gathering pollen, an insect (mosquito) feeding, seahorse giving birth, etc. Of course, there are other areas in science these cameras can be used, just like with any subject that is so vast in diversity.

In short, high speed imaging is an advanced yet surprisingly simple process or technique that allows the recording of a specific event or motion at a frame rate that is significantly higher than the norm and the images are played back at a much more slower rate to adequately visualize the event for analysis, study or even leisure. There are many companies and labs that depend on numerous machines and advances in technology, such as high speed imaging, significantly in order to accurately perform tasks and tests needed to sufficiently study and analyze a specific subject matter.
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What can we expect from future smartphones

I ask myself this question over and over again: what can we expect from future smartphones? Everything is getting so fast these days, and every year we see better products at affordable prices. 



According to current trends, future smartphones will have ultra speeds comparable to today's laptops. The storage capacity is not a problem anymore, since they've managed to fit 1 TB of indormation on a single usb stick. In few years, most flagship smartphones will have over 256GB of storage memory and at least 4GB of Ram. With all these specs, you would believe that there is no need for computers anymore. True!

The age of smartphones
I believe that in few years, we will use our smartphones instead of laptops. You may ask how is that possible since we still need large display, keyboards and a mouse to perform our tasks quickly. Well, one solution could be to have all these peripherals at our working place or in our homes and to pair our smartphones with them at need. So, the future smartphone could work just as today's desktop, sending and receiving data from displays, keyboards and mouse. The current Smart TVs already have the pairing options that allows us to control it using our smartphone. There is one single step from this point to my future prediction. Do you think it's possible?
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Cool places to visit in Switzerland


Vivid dreams. Yes, I'm writing about vivid dreams. Those unexpected dreams where reality and imagination combines in astonishing sceneries, where the surrounding seem unreal but yet so close you can almost touch it, where you can feel the touch of Divinity, where you feel a need to shed a tear because you are happy. Vivid dreams. If you plan to get memories for a lifetime, Switzerland is the perfect place to be. You can visit beautiful cities where you can enjoy a history preserved like nowhere in the world, you can take your backpack and walk the Swiss mountains. Check some of the best places to visit in Switzerland:

Zermatt:



Geneve


Crans Montana:



Zurich:



via MySwissRoom
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What is Deer Antler and how it's used [infographic]


We love deers, but what you may not know about deers, is that the deer antler was used ever since antiquity for tool making and as dietary supplements. Ancient people used these antlers to create weapons, ornaments and even toys. In some tribes, they were worn in traditional "deer dances".

Into their early stage of growth, the antler are called deer antler velvet, because they are software and are not harden into bone. If the antlers were taken from a velvet stage, they can be used for medicine purposes. What's even more interesting, is that these deer antler grow every spring, it is cast in winter, and the cycle starts again the next spring.

Antlers of elk have been used in ancient Asia as a natural cure for various disease like kidney disorders, muscle disorder, impotence and has also been used as an immune stimulant. Today, there are various products based on Deer antler velvet that give the user more stamina, enhanced power and will help in joint health cases. Here is an infographic with more information on this topic:



Via: Nutronics Labs
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Earth hit stronger than everybody thought


global warming

A study published in Nature Geoscience raised many questions that we need to be aware of. The Earth's temperatures rise sharply in western Antarctica, twice faster than originally estimated.

From 1958 until now, average temperatures have risen by 2.4 degrees Celsius. This phenomenon affects not only that region but the entire world, because the world's oceans will rise and many coastal villages are now under seriously threat. Forbes magazine writes that risks of something bad to happen in those areas are 2 times higher than researchers originally thought.

David Bromwich, a researcher at  Ohio University, said that the western part of the ice face twice a warming than it was previously anticipated. In order to reach to these conclusions, the researchers made ​​a thorough study. They took data recorded by meteorologists at Byrd Station and filled the gaps using advanced mathematical and computer modeling. Using all these techniques, they managed to better estimate the global warming. Everything points to the fact that West Antarctica is the region of the World that melts the fastest.

source: world.edu and  nature.com/ngeo
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Do we live in a Matrix World?


The idea that we live in a Matrix-like world is not new. In fact, many scientists say that it is possible to test whether our world is real or a computer simulation. 


In 2003, Nick Bostrom, a professor of philosophy at the University of Oxford, published a paper called The Simulation Argument, arguing that it is most likely we live in a computer simulation world. Now, several researchers at Cornell University are trying to find a viable method of testing to see if we, as humans, are a string of numbers into a computer. Scientists at the University of Washington say that this theory can be tested. A similar idea came from German researchers, in November. 

How to test if our world is real or imaginary?

Researchers say that they can use a technique named latticequantum chromodynamics. In simple words, they will use computer simulation and they will try to build their own models. 

The idea that we live in a computer simulation is not new. In 1977, the famous science fiction writer Philip K. Dick was convinced this is true: 



Going forward with the idea, Professor Martin Savage says that the same principle used in creating these simulations can be applied to a larger scale to see what happens to the universe in which we live. This could be the first signature test the idea, and if they simulate large enough, they can even create an universe like ours.

One of Savage's students went even further, and she believes that we could communicate with the civilization that created us. Zohreh Davoudi said that whoever did simulate our universe could have done other simulations. The question arises: if we can communicate with other worlds if they use the same platform? This is based on Multiverse theory.

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Breakthrough: Leukemia Cured with HIV virus

The world of medicine witnessed a new medical breakthrough: a 7 year old girl was miraculously healed from a serious form of leukemia with a disabled form of HIV.

Emma Whitehead was diagnosed with acute form leukemia and she underwent every conventional treatment for long two years. The parents were really desperate at that point, so they agreed to enroll their daughter into an experimental program. 

Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania have perfected a treatment that will reprogram the immune system, so it will destroy every cancer cell in the body. The treatment is extremely hard, and it almost killed the little girl. But, miraculously, she resisted to the harsh cure. Moreover, her aggressive form of leukemia was cured.

7 months after that treatment phase passed and Emma's condition is still in remission. She was not the only girl who tried this, and the experimental treatment showed amazing results in more adults. The scientists who developed this treatment think that their discovery will gradually replace the known treatment: the bone marrow transplantation - a difficult procedure that remains a last hope for patients with leukemia.

How does the revolutionary treatment work


The doctors remove millions of T cells and adds new genes into them, programming them to destroy the affected B cells of the immune system. The technique involves a disabled form of HIV which turned out to be very good for transporting genetic material in the T cells. Modified T cells are then reintroduced into the patients' veins, they multiply and begin to destroy the affected tissue. The disadvantage of this form of treatment is that modified cells attack both cancerous and healthy tissues, so patients will become more sensitive and can develop certain infections. 

image source: khoahoc.com.vn
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The Secret of Immortality

The secret of immortality may be found in water,because researchers have discovered a creature that rejuvenates and never dies.

Turritopsis dohrnii is a jellyfish whose abnormal cycle of development was first observed in 1988 by Christian Sommer, a German marine-biology student of 20 years old. He discovered that the marine creature can rejuvenate and get back to an early stage of life. Basically, this jellyfish never dies.

Nowadays, science has managed to better understand the scientific miracle discovered 15 years ago by the young student. The rejuvenation process of Turritopsis dohrnii is determined by the environmental stress or a physical assault. During the transformation, the body cells change their function, such as a nerve cell can turn into a skin cell (the phenomenon also occurs in humans, with stem cells).

The process of aging in reverse it is not yet understood completely, and James Carlton, a professor of marine sciences at Williams College and the director of the Williams-Mystic Maritime Studies Program say that the case needs great hydroid experts in order to fully reveal the secrets of  Turritopsis dohrnii.



source
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Nanoparticle that can stop multiple sclerosis

Men of science at Northwestern Medicine research center had a successful discovery in the field of nanotechnology and multiple sclerosis. They have discovered a perishable nanoparticle that seems to be the complete vehicle to stealthily bear an antigen that deceptions the immune system into discontinuing its aggression on myelin, and stop a model of reverting remitting disseminated multiple sclerosis (MS) in mice.  

This discovery can be practiced to a diversity of immune-disorders like Type 1 diabetes, nutrient negative reactions and bronchial asthma. In multiple sclerosis, the immune system aggresses the myelin tissue layer that isolates nerves cells in the brain, optic nerve and spinal cord. When the layer is destroyed, the signals are having a hard time getting from one place to another, consequent in symptoms that chain from mild arm numbness to palsy or sightless. Almost 80% of multiple sclerosis patients have the getting worse postponing variant of the disease.

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What's inside a CT Scanner


No, this is not a time machine! It's the inside of a CT Scanner.

CT Scan means Computed Tomography scan, and some call it CAT (Computer Axial Tomography) . Mainly, it uses digital geometry to generate a 3D image of the inside of our bodies. 

How it works
The CT Scanner sends beams through the human body, while moving through an arc. 
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Genetics and Heredity - Lookalikes

Mom is blonde with green eyes, dad is dark-haired and has brown eyes. He has 1, 93m, she, on heels, is barely reaching his shoulder. Will their child inherit Mommy's genetics, or he/she will be a "carbon copy" of his Daddy? 


Genetics - a lottery or a cocktail 

There are so many possible combinations, that one couple can give birth to 70 billion different children. That, because every cell in the human body has 80,000 genes. In principle, half of these are given by the father, and half-mother. 


And yet, these pictures say otherwise. Usually, a son or daughter has features of both parents. This is not the case here. The "dominant" gene was real strong in these cases, and it manifested clearly. Looking at these lookalikes, a single thought comes to mind: we are all copies of our parents. 


Children will be smart like their parents? 

Without a doubt, genetics acts like that! But if it's not stimulated since childhood, you can lose much of the native talent of the child. Patience is very important for a mature IQ. The ability to learn and to be passionate about one thing is achieved only through training and by the attention of parents..


I have another observation of my own: as time goes by in our life, we look more and more like our parents. An older man looks a lot more like his father now, compared to the time he was a kid, and he was looking more like his mother. 

via ImgUr
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Work out could improve the quality of sperm

The way we live may have a huge impact on our reproductive capabilities: it has been variably evoked that biking, wearing scrawny jeans,using drugs or using the laptop on your can affect the quality of sperm to some extent. The same speculations stated that healthy habits could improve the quality of sperm.

Men of science at University of Cordoba have gathered the semen from 31 subjects. From those 31, 16 were physically active and 15 were sedentary. Also, scientists have tested their fitness levels in the lab. In order to get more accurate results, the subjects were asked to restrain from sexual activities before the tests. 

Scientist have evaluated the samples, paying attention to volume, sperm count, motility, sperm morphology, color, odor, pH, vitality, viscosity. They have also analyzed the blood samples from every patient, looking for the levels of LH, testosterone and cortisol (a stress hormone). 

The results demonstrated once more that physically active men had a better quality of sperm (faster sperm, high percentage, high sperm concentration). Also, the blood analysis demonstrated that non-sedentary men had higher levels of FSH (important for sperm creation), LH (testosteron secretion) and a higher ratio of T/C (which shows the anabolic vs catabolic status). 

So, if you plan to have children in a near future, you should be more active, do a lot of sport and eat healthy. 

source
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Impressive translation technology developed by Microsoft

With this new technology developed by Microsoft, you will be able to speak fluent Chinese or Japanese, without knowing any Chinese word.


This translation technology was developed by Microsoft and probably will be the next big thing in the following years.During a demonstration in Tianjin, head of research at Microsoft, Rick Rashid, showed how the new technology works. He proved that the system recognizes spoken phrases in English, and displays them on the screen. Moreover, it instantly translates them into Mandarin, and it also speaks them with the original voice of the speaker.


This technology has been shown before in Sci-Fi movies, but it seems that this time is very close to a real-world implementation. Early research began 60 years ago, and so far, the best systems systems had an error rate of 20-25%. It seems that system created by Microsoft is much better.

To develop this technology, Microsoft has collaborated with the University of Toronto, Canada. All research is based on the theory of deep neural networks, according to which computers learn using a form of digital inspiration the way of the human brain. The researchers were able to make the system understand speech with incredible accuracy. Basically, the error rate was reduced by 30% compared to previous systems.


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Scientists have erased memories of sleeping mice


Scientists at Stanford University say they have managed to erase traumatic memories of mice while they were sleeping. The study aims to help people suffering from post-traumatic stress, says Nature. The standard treatment involves recollecting and talking about the painful events over and over again, in order to overcome this moment and learn to accept it. 

In their study, scientists have induced this disease in mice. Every time they were exposed to jasmine scent, rodents were shocked. Then, half of the mice received the conventional treatment. While they were sleeping, they were exposed to the smell of jasmine, but not accompanied by the electric shocks. These mice, just like humans with post-traumatic stress, tended to regain the symptoms of the disease.

The other group of animals was tested with an innovative technique. Researchers gave mice a drug to block production of a protein in an area of ​​the amygdala. That's a part of the brain associated with fear causing memories. The drug was administrated just before going to bed. Then, the researchers exposed the animals to the smell of jasmine. On awakening, the animals did not seem to fear jasmine anymore. 

Scientists say that this technique could be used in humans very soon. They believe that anti-anxiety drugs could have the same effects in humans. 

I hope this medical discover will not fall into the wrong hands...
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Hubble and Einstein credited for the discovery of ancient galaxies

For the first time, Scientists were able to observe a distant galaxy which was formed in the early days of the Universe, just 500 million years after the Big Bang. The discovery was possible thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope and the general relativity theory of Albert Einstein


The oldest picture of the universe have been acquired by scientists using electromagnetic noise left from the Big Bang, a kind of diffuse halo that can not be associated with any star, galaxy or other astronomical object. 

This occurs in less than 400,000 years after the Big Bang, a period that can be compared to a fraction of a second, according to the age of the universe (13.7 billion years). No star existed at that time, only the hydrogen atoms that were just created. It took another billion years to have another detailed image, but the landscape was already radically changed: the Universe was containing galaxies that included billions of stars.  

What has happened in the meantime?

Astronomers find it difficult to answer, because they can not separate the cosmological background noise from the signals that come from the far corners of space. Wei Zheng from Department of Physics and Astronomy of the Johns Hopkins University in the U.S., and colleagues have formed an initial answer to this question, revealing a galaxy that formed approximately 500 million years after the Big Bang. They turned their attention to Albert Einstein's theory, according to which very massive objects have a gravitational field so strong that they manage to deflect the light rays passing near them. And sometimes, this deformation has the effect of enhancing the perceived image of an observer located on the other side of the field. Such a phenomenon is called "gravitational lens".

Scientists have used Hubble telescope to search for distant galaxies, hidden behind massive clusters of galaxies, which could serve as "magnifying glass". After analyzing 12 "clusters" of galaxies, they have discovered a distant galaxy, formed 500 million years after the Big Bang, according to the study published Wednesday in the Nature, a British journal.

Building huge terrestrial telescopes should lead to new discoveries like this, allowing scientists to explore new fields of the Universe.
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How Planet Mars lost it's Atmosphere (via Nasa)



If we are to observe Mars today, there is no way humans can live there in normal conditions. But scientists believe that Mars was not always this way. We are talking about the possibility of water really existed on the surface. Enjoy the video, and don't forget to check us on Facebook
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