Vaccine Against Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine addiction can be seen as a disease, because it Clinical trials for the development of a "vaccine" against cocaine addiction will begin in Spain in the first quarter of 2009, the Health Ministry said Thursday.

The tests  will be carried out in 10 hospitals that have not yet been selected.  170 volunteers will participate.

The first trials of the vaccine were conducted in 2007 in the Hospital Sant Pau in Barcelona.

The vaccine will be used exclusively for therapeutic purposes and will be used "in people already addicted to the substance," said Dr. Carlos Alvarez Vara on Thursday at the presentation of a report from Spain's national drug plan.

The vaccine is designed to create antibodies that combat the effects of the drug.